A piece of rome in prague
Troja Château is indeed a remarkable and exceptional building in Prague. In fact, it would be better to call it a villa instead of a château, because it echoes the opulent Roman suburban villas that its builder, Count Wenzel Adalbert of Sternberg, encountered on his long journey. The spectacular houses amidst endless gardens mesmerised him to such a degree that he decided to transfer a piece of the “Eternal City” to his native country. The young count was lucky in selecting both the site and the artists who were to make his dream come true.
The construction of the early Baroque château began in 1679. The project was executed by an architect of French origin, Jean Baptiste Mathey, whose design exploited his experiences from his sojourn to Italy and was inspired by a typical Roman suburban villa. The central and dominant feature of the entire mass of the construction is a large hall with a corridor running to both sides and with an enfilade of adjoining salons. On the sides, the building is both vertically and horizontally enclosed by two-storey towering belvederes. The sculptural decoration of the two-armed staircase leading to the garden was entrusted to the Dresden artists Georg and Paul Hermanns. The monumental sculptures on the staircase symbolize the Titans fighting the Classical gods. The individual sculptures along the perimeter of the staircase represent Classical gods, allegories of periods of the day and year and allegories of continents.
Most of the paintings found on the ground floor of the château were created by Carpoforo Tencalla, while Francesco Marchetti and his son Giovanni Francesco worked on the first floor. The Flemish painters Abraham and Isk Godyns were summoned by the builder to execute the illusive decoration of the large main hall.
The BIO TROJA centre for culture fermentation was established in the Troja Château – a complex with large baroque gardens, which is in the immediate vicinity of the Vltava river and Botanical and Zoological Gardens. It is conceived as a space for local and international dialogues of experts and amateurs and for the local community interested in connecting the fine arts, music, natural and human sciences and ecology.