The former Patarei prison is a sprawling concrete and brick structure that sits on Estonia’s north coast in the country’s capital. Originally built as a sea fortress by the Russian Empire in 1820, the building was reconstructed as a prison by the Republic of Estonia after the First World War. When the Soviet Union occupied Estonia in 1940, the communist authorities started using it as a political prison; the Nazis, who occupied Estonia from 1941 to 1944, did the same.
During the Soviet occupation of Estonia from 1944 to 1991, many leading Estonian political dissidents were confined here – including Lagle Parek, Enn Tarto and Jüri Kukk. When Estonia restored its independence in 1991, Patarei was still used to incarcerate convicted criminals; the prison eventually closed in 2002.
US Real Estate, the developer of the Patarei Sea Fortress, said it plans to start renovation works in 2022 and complete the works by 2025.
The company plans to turn Patarei into a rental space that will include offices, restaurants, cafes, an event centre, a grocery store, a bakery, a flower shop, a pet store, a brewery, a youth hobby centre, an art gallery, and a museum. On the seaside, there will be a 310-metre promenade, where various leisure opportunities and outdoor cafes are planned.