Ancient carvings and mud volcanoes

An alien-like landscape with mud volcanos and prehistoric petroglyphs is not the first thing that comes to mind when you think about Azerbaijan. The Gobustan National Park, located 70-kilometres from Baku is known for its perfectly preserved rock paintings and carvings – petroglyphs dating back over 15,000 years. The reserve has more than 6,000 rock carvings depicting  primitive people, animals, battle-pieces and ritual dances.

Gobustan’s second most famous attraction are the mud volcanos. It’s estimated that 300 of the planet’s estimated 700 mud volcanoes are located in Gobustan.


What’s a mud volcano?

Mud volcanoes are not really volcanoes. They are cone-shaped formations with craters that look like real volcanos. Methane and carbon dioxide gases released from deep within the Earth cause Gobustan’s mud volcanoes to keep bubbling, painting ground grey and black. On average, every twenty years, a mud volcano may explode, depositing tonnes of mud on the surrounding area.


We reccomend that you start the expedition to Gobustan in the interactive museum, where you will get special insight into the geography, nature and history of the region. There’s plenty of tour providers that will take you to Gobustan and make your trip much more interesting and exciting.

Wow factorLearn more about Gobustan’s prehistoric petroglyphs and find impressive mud volcanoes.
Incentive type  Active experience
Duration4-5 hours
Location Gobustan, Azerbaijan

Get in touch

Azerbaijan Convention Bureau
Azerbaijan Tourism Board
96E Nizami Street, Landmark I
Baku, AZ1010, Azerbaijan
+994 12 505 87 04 ext. 2102
+994 51 229 60 44
+994 55 470 02 20

A long-time meetings industry addict, Gorazd is the Founder and owner of marketing and event agency Toleranca Marketing. He has many years of experience in planning, preparing and carrying out large international meetings and exhibitions. As the founder of the "Power to the Meetings" methodology, he still firmly believes in the power of live events and human to human communication. He is also the author of numerous articles and editor-in-chief of the meetings industry magazine Kongres Magazine.